Using Triz and HOQ/QFD right will put you in the top percentile of innovators.
TRIZ and House of Quality of Quality Function Deployment stand out as two seminal methodologies that have transformed the approach to product development. But the innovation toolbox doesn’t end there. In today’s fiercely competitive business landscape, standing out requires innovation and the tools to foster it. From the SCAMPER Technique to Axiomatic Design, there is a rich tapestry of methods waiting to be unravelled. What’s changed in the modern era is the systematic approach to innovation. It’s as if businesses, previously sailing in uncharted waters, now have a detailed map, a reliable compass, and even a seasoned crew in these methodologies.
Imagine being an engineer at a crossroads, a design challenge looming large. Traditional methods fall short, but a structured approach like TRIZ opens previously unseen doors. In another room, marketers grapple with deciphering the voice of the consumer. The House of Quality, Pugh Controlled Convergence, and the Voice of the Customer (VOC) become their guiding lights, translating consumer desires into actionable product attributes. This article briefly explores these game-changing methodologies.
TRIZ and House of Quality / Quality Function Deployment
TRIZ and House of Quality are valuable tools in product development and innovation. Here’s where they fit in:
- TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving):
- Purpose: TRIZ is a problem-solving, analysis, and forecasting tool derived from studying patterns of invention in global patent literature. It provides a systematic approach to creatively solving engineering problems.
- Brainstorming & Ideation: TRIZ principles can stimulate innovative thinking by identifying and eliminating contradictions in the design or process.
- Problem Solving: When facing a technical challenge, TRIZ offers a structured approach to finding the best solutions by examining similar problems and their solutions across different industries and disciplines.
- Converging & Decision-making: TRIZ can help prioritize which problems to tackle first based on the severity and frequency of the contradictions.
- House of Quality (Part of Quality Function Deployment – QFD):
- Purpose: House of Quality is a visual product or service development tool that helps translate customer needs (whats) into engineering characteristics (hows). It ensures that the voice of the customer is integrated throughout the product development process.
- Prioritization: The House of Quality matrix format helps prioritize customer needs and align them with specific product features or functions.
- Validation & Feedback: By ensuring that customer needs are mapped to engineering characteristics, the House of Quality provides that the product is designed with the end user in mind.
- Collaboration & Alignment: It provides a visual representation that can be used to align cross-functional teams on the product’s goals and requirements. This can be especially helpful in ensuring that engineering, marketing, and design teams are all on the same page.
- Converging & Decision-making: The relationships in the matrix (often denoted by symbols or numbers) help in decision-making by highlighting trade-offs and synergies between different product attributes.
TRIZ and House of Quality are advanced tools requiring practical training and practice. They can significantly enhance product or service development’s innovation and customer alignment processes when applied correctly.
Additional Innovation Tools
Several other advanced tools and methodologies are used in product development and innovation to address specific challenges. Here are some of them:
- Pugh Controlled Convergence:
- Purpose: A decision-making matrix used to evaluate multiple options against a reference option.
- Application: Useful for concept selection, mainly when multiple potential solutions exist. It helps teams converge on the best option by comparing each alternative against a chosen reference based on specific criteria.
- Value Analysis/Value Engineering (VA/VE):
- Purpose: Focuses on improving the value of products by examining their functions and associated costs.
- Application: Used to optimize the cost and functionality of a product. During the design phase, it’s beneficial to ensure that the product provides maximum value at the least cost.
- Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA):
- Purpose: Systematic approach to identifying potential failures in a product or process.
- Application: Used to prioritize risks in the product development process and develop strategies to mitigate them.
- Voice of the Customer (VOC):
- Purpose: A systematic approach to capturing customer’s expectations, preferences, and aversions.
- Application: Used in the early stages of product development to ensure the product meets or exceeds customer expectations.
- Taguchi Methods:
- Purpose: A statistical method to optimize the quality of manufactured goods.
- Application: Used to understand how different parameters affect the output of a process and to optimize this output.
- Axiomatic Design:
- Purpose: A method that helps designers consider all possible design alternatives to select the best option.
- Application: Used in the design phase to ensure the final design meets customer needs without unnecessary complexity.
- Functional Decomposition:
- Purpose: Breaking down a system into smaller parts to better understand, analyze, and optimize it.
- Application: Used in the early stages of product development to map out all necessary functions of a product.
- Morphological Analysis:
- Purpose: A method for exploring all possible solutions in a structured manner.
- Application: Used for complex problem-solving where multiple variables are at play.
- SCAMPER Technique:
- Purpose: An acronym for Substitute, Combine, Adapt, Modify, Put to another use, Eliminate, Reverse. It’s a checklist for idea generation.
- Application: Used during brainstorming sessions to spur creative thinking.
- Purpose: Comparing one’s business processes and performance metrics to industry bests or best practices.
- Application: Used to measure performance against competitors and identify areas for improvement.
- Design for Six Sigma (DFSS):
- Purpose: A methodology integrating Six Sigma principles into product design.
- Application: Used to ensure that products meet customer needs and are defects-free.
- Design for X (DfX):
- Purpose: A set of principles that focuses on optimizing a specific objective or function, where “X” can be cost, manufacturing, reliability, etc.
- Application: Used to ensure the product is designed with specific considerations or constraints.
These tools and methods, when used appropriately, can significantly enhance the product development process, leading to innovative products that meet customer needs and stand out in the market.
TRIZ and House of Quality, and Innovation Tools Summarised
In the intricate dance of business innovation, methodologies like TRIZ and House of Quality have taken centre stage. Still, the ensemble cast of tools like Value Analysis, FMEA, and the SCAMPER Technique enrich the performance. They represent a transition from erratic attempts at innovation to a choreographed, strategic ballet. As we’ve delved into this diverse toolkit, one thing becomes abundantly clear: innovation is not a solitary endeavour but a collaborative symphony.
The vast expanse of product development can seem daunting, but businesses can navigate confidently and precisely equipped with these tools. From capturing the elusive voice of the customer to optimizing product design and functionality, the path to groundbreaking innovation is now illuminated. The essence of these tools is empowerment – enabling teams not just to solve immediate challenges but to forge ahead, continually innovating and setting new benchmarks in excellence. TRIZ and House of Quality have been around for a while and continue to add significant value to those who use them.